The argument has been debated ever since e-bikes were introduced, as to weather or not they should be allowed on conventional biking and hiking trails, or relegated to street use only (we'll leave that debate for another time -- along with the claim that ebikes provide the same fitness benefits as conventional).
Back to the 3 things . . . Perhaps the biggest one is the lack of safe bike infrastructure. In most North American cities, bike lanes are substandard if they exist at all, often just painted lines in the door zone, used as Fedex Lanes or parking lanes, and rarely enforced. Read from Treehugger